The United Methodist Churchs doctrinal statement on the nature of the Bible has been referenced elsewhere on this website. However, to recap, the UM Articles of Religion say concerning the Bible:
The Holy Scriptures containeth all things necessary to salvation; so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation.
This statement puts the Bible at the center of our Theological Task -- we are called to read and interpret the Scriptures so that we might know what is necessary to salvation. The Scriptures tell us about Jesus Christ, about what He did for us, about Gods love for us which goes beyond our ability to comprehend. The scriptures outline for us what we must believe and do, and they limit what may be required for salvation. Put simply, they contain the Word of God for us.
While the Scriptures contain the Word of God, they also contain the words of human beings. God inspired the Bible, true, but God did so through the instrumentality of human beings, with human words and human thoughts and human experiences playing a large in the writing. The human authors, through whom God worked in the writing of the Scriptures, were still human beings as they wrote; they had human failings, human opinions, human agenda, human dreams and desires. They didnt stop being human, nor did they give up their identity, their ingenuity, their personal characteristics, when they wrote. We are often tempted to view the process of Inspiration as a suspension of the human will and identity in order to take some kind of Divine Dictation. However, any balanced, open-eyed, reasonable approach to the Biblical record will reveal that such a complete take-over of human identity simply didnt happen. Each of the canonical books shows clear and unmistakable signs of its human author: the authors character, humor, political and historical opinions, biases and bigotries all come through in each and every book of the Bible. While we affirm that God had an important and unmistakable role in the writing of the Bible, we do the Scriptures an injustice when we fail to recognize that they are a collection of Divinely Inspired, yet human, reflections upon the human encounter with God, as well as human reflections and opinions upon what we, as a people of faith, should be doing in response to Gods Grace and Peace.
So, again, we ask: what do we mean by Inspiration? If we dont mean a suspension of human will and identity, then what do we mean? Well, perhaps one of the best ways of illustrating what we mean by inspiration is to take a look at other ways we use the word.
For example, we often say that a sunset, sunrise, or other sight of great beauty, will inspire us to write a wonderful poem or paint a remarkable painting or compose a powerful song. The sight so moves us, so compels us, so empowers us, so inspires us that we put our emotional and intellectual response into creative action and we produce a work of art that contains, within it, a degree of the beauty and emotion that originally inspired us. That, my friends, is certainly a kind of inspiration, and it is one of the ways in which we may, indeed, view the inspiration of the Bible. God so moved in the lives of the Biblical authors that their response to Gods presence and action was to write their reflections upon these events and upon what they believed God was trying to say to and through them. Is this the only form of inspiration present in Scripture? No ... I dont believe that this is the only kind of inspiration we find in the Bible, but it is a major form that is often overlooked.